Hydro power plant It is another important source of electricity in Thailand. This type of power plant uses water from natural rivers as energy. in operation by building a dam to block the river.
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a reservoir The level is high until the amount of water. and sufficient pressure to drive hydro turbines and generators located in lower downstream power plants. The installed capacity and electric power produced by this type of power plant. It increases in direct proportion to the pressure and the amount of water flowing through the turbine.
The dam will collect and store water. When the water from the dam is released into the lowland by the gravity of the earth. The water generated by the flow rotates the turbine. A generator In the case of a large reservoir will make it possible to manage water easily, so in terms of economics or business This type of hydroelectric power plant Often produces electricity during times of high demand. which is a high-paying period Because electricity can be generated immediately when water is released to spin the turbine. But other types of power plants such as thermal power plants have to wait for the heat to reach the required level in order to generate electricity. The amount of electricity generated from the hydroelectric power plant from the reservoir varies according to the amount of water discharged from the reservoir. And the difference between hydroelectric power plants, there are 3 types:
- Hydroelectric power plants from water storage dams
- Pumped-storage hydroelectric power plant
- Hydroelectric power plants from water storage dams
hydro power plant It is another important source of electricity in Thailand. This type of power plant uses water from natural rivers as energy. in operation By building a dam to block the river to keep the water level in the reservoir and the water level released These types of power plants in Thailand are: Bhumibol Dam Hydroelectric Power Plant (Bueng River, Tak Province), Sirikit Dam Hydroelectric Power Plant (Nan River, Uttaradit Province), and Srinakarin Dam Hydroelectric Power Plant. (Khwae Yai River Kanchanaburi Province), etc.
Large hydropower plants have a high capacity to maintain the stability of the country’s power system. Because the machine can operate and start distributing electricity in only 4-5 minutes.
hydroelectric power generation in dams It is the kinetic energy of the water caused by draining water from the dam. Going to farmers used to benefit. It’s like killing two birds with one stone allmeaninginhindi.
– Bhumibol Dam built across the Ping River in Tak Province.
– Kiew Lom Dam and Kiw Kho Ma Dam built to block the Wang Nai River in Lampang Province
– Sirikit Dam Build a block across the Nan River. in Uttaradit Province
– Srinakarin Dam is a dam that Build a big barrier in Kanchanaburi Province
– Ubonrat Dam Build a block across the Phong River. in Khon Kaen
This type of hydroelectric power plant is a form that does not have a reservoir as an element. Therefore, there is no water management. Run-of-the-river will work all the time according to the amount of water flowing in the river Because the hydroelectric power plant Run-of-the-river Usually built in a relatively flat area. And there are buildings to irrigate higher. with geographical limitations the difference between the water level and the level released downstream are not much different. Therefore, the amount of electricity produced from conventional hydropower plants Run-of-the-river Therefore, it varies significantly with the amount of water. Run-of-the-river It is usually constructed in areas where there is quite a lot of water. and there is water flowing all year round But the terrain is not suitable for construction of the reservoir. This type of power plant in Thailand is Pak Mun Dam Power Plant. Chao Phraya Dam biographycon.
2. Pumped-storage hydroelectric power plant
A hydropower plant will have two sources of water with different water levels. It is the source of water in a reservoir or dam and natural water sources at the end of the dam. The water source in the reservoir or dam is higher than the natural water source at the end of the dam.
One of the problems with the electricity generation management of the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand is that in the late hours such as after midnight the amount of electricity is greatly reduced. But the power plants used to buy fossil fuels cannot be stopped. because if it stops, it will take a long time to generate electricity again. Therefore, fossil fuel power plants need to continue to produce electricity even though the demand for electricity is low, so during this time there wikibirthdays is an excess of electricity demand. Electricity managers therefore have an idea to bring this excess electricity to be used to pump water back up into new dams and when the people have high demand again the next day, they release water from The tub to generate a new generator. This method is known as pumped-storage hydroelectricity.
pumped-storage power plant It is a power plant with a water pump. which can pump water released from reservoirs or dams down and bring it backup to store in reservoirs or dams again in order to bring that amount of water back to use in the production of electricity again fleepbleep.